All Adults Are the Protectors of All Children

listen to the INVISIBLE CHILDREN audiobook for free 



Minnesota’s Literacy Gap; 32% of Black fourth-graders read at grade level


There are 1.3 million children In Minnesota & 404,000 of them live below 200% of poverty, 3rd grade…

Thank you Child Welfare League

Children in MN 2017 1,282,898

Poverty Rate, Children  Under 18; 13.1%

Poverty Rate, Children Ages 5–17        12.7%

Poverty Rate, Children Under 5  14.1%


3rd grade reading test scores from 2013 to 2018 have remained under 60% and declined these past two years (Black children scored 32.1% in 2017).


2017 Ontime graduation rates for American Indian students (50.7%), Hispanic students (54.5%), Black students, (64.8%), White students (88.1%).


  • In 2015, Minnesota had 76,785 total referrals for child abuse and neglect. Of those, 24,262 reports were referred for investigation.
  • In 2015, there were 5,120 victims of abuse or neglect in Minnesota, a rate of 4.0 per 1,000 children, a an increase of 23.6% from 2014. Of these children, 68.1% were neglected, 22.7% were physically abused, and 18.2% were sexually abused.
  • The number of child victims has increased 17.9% in comparison to the number of victims in 2011.
  • In 2015, there were 17 child deaths, in 2016, there were 28 child deaths resulting from abuse or neglect reported in Minnesota
  • 7,610 children in Minnesota lived apart from their families in out-of-home care in 2015, compared with 5,085 children in 2011. Of the children living apart from their families in 2014, there were 2,257 aged 5 or younger, and 1,070 were 16 or older.
  • The number of children living apart from their families in out-of-home care has increased 49.7% in comparison to the number of children in out-of-home care in 2011.
  • In 2015, of children in out-of-home care in Minnesota, 38% were white, 15% were black, 8% were Hispanic,

24% were American Indian/Alaskan Native, 1% were Asian or Pacific Islander and 13% were of more than one race or ethnicity/undetermined race or ethnicity.

40.1% of MN students did not have a caring adult in the community



  • Of the 5,240 children exiting out-of-home care in 2014 in Minnesota, 64% were reunited with their parents or

primary caretakers.

  • 735 children were legally adopted through a public child welfare agency in Minnesota in 2015, an increase of

14.5% from 642 in 2014.

  • Of the 7,610 children in out-of-home care in 2015, there were 1,285 or 16.9% waiting to be adopted.
  • In 2015, approximately 21,338 grandparents in Minnesota had the primary responsibility of caring for their


  • 1,623 of the children in out-of-home care in 2014 were living with relatives while in care.


  • The monthly average number of individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in

Minnesota increased from 43,155 in 2015 to 45,000 in 2016, a 4.1% change. There was a  19,296 monthly

average of families received TANF in 2016, an increase of  0.6% from 2015.


  • 326,000 children in Minnesota lived in households with a high housing burden in 2014, where more than 30% of

monthly income is spent on  housing costs.

  • 10.4% of households in Minnesota were food insecure on average from 2012 to 2014, meaning that the family

experienced difficulty providing enough food due to lack of resources at some point during the year.




  • In 2015, Minnesota had a monthly average of 23,400 children served by subsidized child care. An average of

25,000 children received subsidized child care per month in 2014 and 25,700 were recipients in 2013.  In 2016 the cost of institutional daycare in MN exceeded $12,000/yr.

  • In 2016, to be eligible for subsidized child care in Minnesota, a family of three could make no more than $36,365

at application, which is equivalent to 47% of the state’s median income.


  • As of early 2016, Minnesota had 7,200 children on its waiting list for child care assistance.
  • In 2015, Head Start served 11,459 children in Minnesota, an increase of 1.5% from 2014.
  • Through federal grants from the Home Visiting Program, in fiscal year 2015, home visitors in Minnesota made 14,309 home visits to 3,640 parents and children in 1,880 families, as well as enrolled  1,443 new parents and children to the program



Trauma is *torture.  Watching mom being raped is torture.

All Adults Are the Protectors of All Children


listen to the audiobook for free