Nepal – Hundred of children in Nepal are at risk for trafficking after earthquake. Here’s who helping.
The Huffington Post.
After two major earthquakes human traffickers are looking to target families, who have lost everything, to exploit their children. Some parents are willingly giving up their children for what they are made to believe will be a better life; the lure of an education and improved quality of life makes parents want to relinquishing their children into the hand of traffickers. Children of these families are either being trafficked or illegally placed in children’s care homes and orphanages so that they can be used to attract adoptive families and fee paying volunteers and donors.
Nepal – Women and girls, a commodity: human trafficking in Nepal.
Thousands of girls each year are trafficked from Nepal across the border to brothels in India and are forced to become prostitutes. Some of the trafficked girls are kidnapped by human traffickers using the lure of marriage or the promise of education and/or employment, while others are sold by their families out of economic desperation. Lack border regulations and security makes it easier for traffickers to smuggle girls into India. Torture and beatings are common if there is any protest or attempt to escape on the part of the trafficked girls.
South Asia – Horrors of human trafficking in South Asia.
The New York Times.
In several South Asian countries ethnic minorities are fused citizenship and other rights, such as the right of women to have children; the Myanmar government signed a law restricting the right of Rohingya women to have children. Systemic ethnic persecution forces families to flee their homes in South Asia leaving them vulnerable as easy prey to human traffickers who sell them into slavery or extorts their families for ransoms. Thousands of migrants have been abandoned by traffickers who promised them a better future.
Afghanistan: Hazardous work for children widespread.
Human Rights Watch.
In Afghanistan’s carpet industry, child workers face hazardous conditions in the workplace, which is a direct violation of Afghanistan’s labour laws. Hazardous working conditions and poor enforcement of safety and health standards exposes child workers to illness, injury or even death. To help their families sometimes children are compelled to leave school prematurely to instead work in industries dangerous for children.
Children on the front lines, with U.S. dollars.
Human Rights Watch.
As conflict as escalated in countries the recruitment of child soldiers has increased by both government forces and armed rebel groups. It is argued that the the United States has a powerful tool to pressure foreign countries to crack down on these abuse and exploitation of child in war but, the government has failed to use it effectively. Despite getting billions of dollars in U.S. military aid each year and explicitly using child soldiers for military operations that are largely paid for in part by U.S. military funding, Afghanistan, for example, is exempt from military sanctions and is absent from the list of offenders.
Child marriage in Africa.
About Education – African History.
While the raw numbers of child marriages are far lower in Africa than in Asia, in terms of percentage of young women in any given country who were married before the age of 18, 9 out of the top ten countries in the world are in Africa. Strong evidence suggests economic necessity plays a greater role than social custom given than that poor girls are much more likely to be married at a young ages then their wealthier counterparts. Their age at marriage puts them at far more risk for maternity related complications or death and illness related to sexual and physical abuse.
Child marriages: facts, causes and consequences.
Middle East About News.
Inherent in child marriages is the degradation and mistreatment of girls, yet child marriages are prevalent in several cultures and countries, including parts of the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, the Asian Subcontinent and even in some states in America. Girls who marry at a young age, between the ages of 10 and 14, are five times as likely to die during pregnancy or child birth. The causes of child marriages are not single and a few but can be caused by a mixture of cultural, social, economic and religious reasons. For example, reasons to force a girl into child marriage include poverty, protecting the girl’s sexuality, gender discrimination, inadequate laws and trafficking. When in a marriage, girls are denied rights, such as the right to an education, the right to health, the right to protection from physical and mental violence and more.
Nepal: ‘Since earthquake, 15% spike in human trafficking’.
The Indian Express.
Increasingly after earthquakes and natural disasters women and children are trafficked into India, which serves as a transit location. From India, the trafficked women and children are further trafficked to Sri Lanka, Thailand or Bangladesh, from where they are taken to Middle East, Europe and Africa.
Congo: Peacekeepers gone wild: how much more abuse will the UN ignore in Congo?
The Globe and Mail.
Foreign soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo are sexually and violently violating young girls with impunity. A review concluded that prostitution and sexual abuse follows most UN interventions. Despite zero tolerance, peacekeepers continue the dishonourable act of committing violence and abusive acts against Congolese girls, and doing so with complete impunity.
Congo – The price of precious.
With corruption at its core the government and military of Congo provides little to no enforcement and protection of labour standards. In a rebel controlled area, children are used to smuggle minerals from mines that are then used by leading electronic companies in America.
India – How India’s ‘ghost’ mines have resulted in the deaths of many child workers.
The News Minute.
In India’s illegal mines the death of several children has prompted an inquest. The investigation has found that child labour is popular because the size of children’s hands are ideal to pick and sort minerals. It had also be founded that rather than reporting the death, families are choosing to accept payment from the operator(s) of the illegal mine. Often times children have to work alongside their parents and adult relatives out of economic necessity. Working in the illegal mines is their only choice because it is the only available work.
Syria – Caught in the civil war, Syrian children receive make-do education.
The ongoing civil war has displaced several children and their families. A husband and wife has opened their home to teach some of the children who have been displaced by the war. Although the conditions are not optimal, Syrian children receive education in subjects like Arabic, English, maths and religion. With schools being targets of air strikes and with the growth of insurgent groups children have been displaced and recruited by armed personnels, limiting their access of education. One problem they face is inadequate learning material, i.e. books, and the presence of war planes flying above the makeshift schools scaring the children.
Syria – UN says children caught in Syria’s civil war suffer ‘unspeakable’ abuse.
PBS News Hour.
A United Nations report finds that the Syrian government is responsible for thousands of child deaths and the imprisonment of several children where they suffer physical and mental abuse. While thousands of children have been killed or imprisoned, thousands more have been displaced forcing some to flee to other countries or have been recruited by armed groups and the government to fight in the war.
Indonesia – Unicef report finds female genital cutting to be common in Indonesia.
The New York Times.
The United Nations Children’s Fund finds that millions of girls in Indonesia has fallen victim to female genital cutting, a cultural ritual practice. The official Indonesian government definition of female genital cutting defines the practice as a less harsh and less intensive practice than what is often seen in parts of Africa and Middle East. Although numbers has declined in some countries, the rate of decline is not fast enough to keep up with population growth. If rates of female genital cutting is to continue the number of women and girls subjected to female genital cutting will rise significantly over the next 15 years. While female genital cutting is regarded as a cultural practice in Indonesia, conflict persists between religious and secular attitudes towards the practice.
Colombia – Stolen youth: combating commercial sexual exploitation of children in Cartagena, Colombia.
Global Affairs Canada.
A city in Colombia is a destination for sex tourism and sexual exploitation of children. Although illegal, commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth is entrenched in the city because of the well established crime syndicates. Groups have taken action together to clean up the city and promote the idea that the city can not develop on the basis of sexual tourism. Legal action has been taken in some cases but it yields few results.
Colombia – Colombia ad Farc rebels agree child soldier deal.
Child soldiers recruited by the Colombian group Farc will be pardoned under Colombian law and treated as victims of war. Efforts will be made to return children to their families. Official numbers do not exist of how many child soldiers are used by Farc.
Colombia – Colombian children pay high price amid peace talks, U.N. says.
The New York Times.
In the years of peace negotiations in Colombia, children and their families have been displaced leaving them vulnerable to the recruitment by armed groups. If not displaced or recruited children have been injured or killed in attacks and explosions.
Brazil – Here’s what we know now about Zika and birth defects.
New research has illustrated the strong connection between the Zika virus and potential birth defects. The size of the Zika outbreak is unusual which leads prompts investigations attempting to pin down the what exactly is causing potential birth defects and how the virus affects infant’s brains, one of the most commonly affected areas.. Further research needs to be done on whether countries have the finical recourses to prevent and treat affected pregnancies.
India shamed by high child mortality rate.
Even in ‘well-off’ states, there is a high infant morality rate of children under the age of 5, with more than half of the deaths being of girls. The Indian government has made efforts in reducing under five child mortality but, with the high rates of deaths across states the efficacy and inclusiveness of the government’s efforts is questioned. If the child mortality rate continues at this pace, India would be on track to miss its millennium development goal target.
Italy – Italy has Europe’s highest percentage of children in poverty, says UNICEF.
The Daily Beast.
The economic divide between Italy’s northern and southern regions results in hundreds of thousands of children are living in poverty in Italy. Many of these children do not go to school and if if they do, they are forced to drop out of school to help support their families working in unsafe and unhealthy jobs, such as on farms and in the sex trade. The problem has little to no hope of resolving because the problem of poverty in the south of Italy is not on the agenda of the government; only 1.1% of the total GDP goes to investments in public social programs or towards alleviating crime.
France and the fight against human trafficking.
Trafficking of women and children and forcing them into labour, domestic slavery, and forced begging has become the most widespread form of trafficking and organized crime. France has provided support and technical assistance in stoping and preventing the violation of human rights involved in human trafficking of women and children.
6.14 lakh Virudhunagar children to get deworming tablets.
Living in conditions of poverty make children more susceptible to the condition of worms. Teachers and government workers will administer deworming tablets to children in and out of school. The tablets are hoped to improve the health of children and to avoid malnutrition.
India – The Indian girls who survived being raped.
The gang rape and murder of a school age girl in India sparks protest and the creation of new laws against rape and assault. Despite efforts to combat sexual assaults against women and children thousands of rape cases are continued to be reported. The following cases involved girls ranging from 13 to 17 years old.
Vietnam has 2.2 mn malnourished children.
Nutrition among children in Vietnam is an issue that needs direct attention from the government given that malnutrition and obesity rates have increased. While millions of children suffer from health issues related to malnutrition, thousands of others suffer from health issues related to obesity such as diabetes, blood pressure and cardiovascular problems.
Sri Lanka – Impact of armed conflict on children i Sri Lanka.
The civil war and armed conflict in Sri Lanka had created thousands of orphans all of whom the Sri Lankan government was not prepared to support and care for. On top of not being able to attend school, due to security forces occupying school buildings, and not receiving nutritious food and health care, these children had to also contemplate the idea of never being able to see their parents again. These fear and uncertainty is also shared by children of missing and fighting soldiers and also by children of minority groups facing persecution. No matter what ethnicity or religion children were apart of during the war and following armed conflict, all children experienced some form of physical and/or psychological trauma no child should have to endure.
India – Lok Sabha passes Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2016.
The Indian Parliament passed an amendment bill trying to further decrease child labour in some states. Particular provisions in the bill, for example children working in family businesses, faces concern from the United Nations over it not protecting the most vulnerable children.
Sri Lanka – Child labour: nip it in the bud.
Although children working below the age of 14 is illegal, thousands of children on the island engage in economically valuable child labour. These activities range from selling as street vendors, street services and domestic labour to hazardous mining, construction, manufacturing and transportation. Rather than completely ridding child labour from the island, systems of awareness are being set up in order to detect child labour. With awareness, rehabilitate and protection of children who have fallen victim can be done through interventions. However, the issue of child labour cannot be fully addressed until the root cause is understood and treated through social protection, i.e. district specific child development plans addressing all aspects of child labour.
Sri Lanka – Officials lack resources to tackle child labour – ILO.
Several gaps in government provisions in preventing and treating child labour and sexual abuse leads to the conclusion that the Sri Lankan government should be taking more proactive preventative measures rather than reacting to complaints that are phoned in. A step towards proactive prevention is the placement of officers in villages whose duties include investigating various aspects of vulnerable children but, there is little to no supervision and action towards change at these levels.
Global profits, and peril, from child labour.
Hazardous child labour is in the global supply chain of several industries including agricultural, mining, leather and apparel. Although millions of children are caught up in hazardous child labour, consumers have no way to know if the food they eat, the clothes they wear or the products they use were produced by the exploitation of children. The exploitation of child labour at any stage of the supply chain is not solely characteristic of certain parts of the world, it takes place close to home in the tobacco farms in the United States.
Burkina Faso counts cost of child labour.
The children of Burkina Faso, a country in West Africa, makes up a large proportion of the workforce in diverse fields such as cotton picking, mining and street selling. Thousands live below the poverty lines and travel long distances to work for at least eight hours a day six to seven days a week. Doctors warn that in addition to visible injuries children are susceptible to respiratory illnesses while being exploited in the global supply chain. Child labour therefore has dangerous long term effects on the health of children.
Sri Lanka – Combating child labour through education.
Several factors that lead to and enable child labour are often traced back to poverty. Both poverty and child labour hinder a child’s ability to continue with their education or to even to enrol in school. The attitudes of parents towards the benefits of education often perceives the opportunity cost of education as too high. When this is the case, parents are more likely to push their children into family businesses or other industries that are hazardous to the health and development of children.